Friday, February 7, 2020
Environmrntal science 2 - Essay Example First of all, one needs to develop a question or a problem. The problem must be able to undergo scientific experimentation for it to be meaningful. Secondly, one has to make observations or research on the problem formed in the first series. Thirdly, there must be a formulation of a hypothesis that gives information on the possible answer to the problem solved. Fourthly, an experiment must be carried out to show if the hypothesis is true or false. This can be done by collecting the necessary materials and procedures to come up with results that can be quantified or measured. The fifth step involves collection and analysis of the results from the experiment. If the experiment is not accurate then one can change or make the procedures better. The analysis must have evidence like photographs, tables and graphs to ease understanding. The sixth step is simply to come up with the conclusion whereby it must have statements that either support or reject the statement of the hypothesis. The s ixth step also included making recommendations to allow improvement or further studies to be done. The last step is being able to communicate the results to other individuals (Michael, 2003, pp. 1-220). Sustainable development is concerned with using resources following a particular pattern with the aim of meeting human needs in preservation of the environment for the present and the future generation. It ensures that the needs of the present human needs are met without compromising that of the future generation. Sustainability is therefore the ability to maintain a particular state. For instance, in environmental sustainability, the environment is expected to be at its natural state avoiding any depletion (Michael, 2003, pp. 1-220). The biosphere matter follows a circular pathway because they use up one type of matter and reproduce another that can be used by another living thing. For instance, animals take in oxygen and give out carbon dioxide
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Models of Addiction Essay The three models of addiction examined in this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s readings include the medical model, the psychosocial model, and the disease of the human spirit model. The medical model Ã¢â¬Å"rests on the assumption that disease states are the result of a biological dysfunction, possibly one on the cellular or even molecular levelÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 333). Many consider this model and Ã¢â¬Å"maintain that much of human behavior is based on the interaction between the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s biological predisposition and the environmentÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 333). Individuals under this model view free will Ã¢â¬Å"as an illusionÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 33). There is controversy regarding this model as Ã¢â¬Å"to the degree to which the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s genetic heritage actually serves to predispose the individual to a substance use disorder, and how much of this is the result of psychosocial factorsÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 344). The disease model does appear to govern the way in which substance abuse disorders are considered and treated in the United States. The psychosocial models of substance use proponents suggest that it is interlinked with the medical model in that both Ã¢â¬Å"admit that there is a major psychosocial component to the addictionsÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 345). Psychosocial proponents state that Ã¢â¬Å"addictions are learned behavior(s), poor psychosocial functioning, or the result of maladaptive thinkingÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 345). It is suggested that the pharmaceutical industry may be responsible for Ã¢â¬Ëdisease mongeringÃ¢â¬â¢ to help promote the sales of drugs said to cure proposed diseases, therefore promoting the disease model. Some believe we are obscuring unacceptable behavior and calling them diseases suggesting that we have Ã¢â¬Å"become a nation of blamers, whiners, and victims, all too happy, when we get a chance, to pass the buck to somebody else for our troublesÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 46). Multiple theoretical models were offered: moral model, temperance model, spiritual model, dispositional disease model, educational model, characterological model, general systems model, and the medical model. In considering all the models that propose to offer insight in the factors to consider with addiction, Ã¢â¬Å"each perspective fails to completely explain all of the facets of the SUDs adequatelyÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 352). The third model of substance use disorders presented is the disease of the human spirit. This model suggests that as we enter the burdens and trials of life and become ungrounded with pain or voids in our lives we allow ourselves to feel pity and open ourselves up to our inwardly sinful nature. Ã¢â¬Å"It is at this point that some recoil in horror and become spiritual narcissists: self-centered, unwilling to see any reason to deny the Ã¢â¬Å"selfÃ¢â¬ any desire or pleasureÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 357). This model believes that all individuals Ã¢â¬Å"all start out with hope, faith and fortitudeÃ¢â¬ but when exposed to the ills of the world some Ã¢â¬Å"turn to chemicals to fill the perceived void within or to ease their painÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 61). When considering spiritual bankruptcy and void in the life of an addict, despair comes to mind. When an individual feels despair they are unable to consider anything else but what is happening in the present and often appear desperate. Literature supports that Ã¢â¬Å"people are also spiritual beings who are either actively or passively involved in a relationship with a Higher BeingÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 353). When a person is spiritually bankrupt they have lost moral direction and often begin to make poor, self-pleasing choices and have chosen a passive relationship with their Higher Being. Addicts are searching for something to fill them with the joy and wholeness they have replaced with the unconditional love of Christ. The prevalence of addiction based on my readings suggests that illicit drugs, marijuana, and narcotics are readily available on the streets. Ã¢â¬Å" In the United States it has been estimated that 2000 people use cocaine for the first time each dayÃ¢â¬ and that Ã¢â¬Å"nationally 5-10% of the population, or about 30 million people, have abused cocaine at least onceÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 110). It is disturbing that the literature is able to quote statistics on children using these substances at such a young age. Literature supports that the use of hallucinogens seems to be declining in the United States, however, Ã¢â¬Å"it was estimated that 943,000 persons over the age of 12 abused a hallucinogenic compound for the first time in the year 2007Ã¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 166). Also mentioned was Ã¢â¬Å"the average age at which individuals begin to smoke marijuana in the United States is around 18-19 year of ageÃ¢â¬ (Doweiko, 2012, p. 124). Another disturbing fact regarding substances on the streets is the consideration that many of the substances vary in amount of substance such that individuals may not realize the quantity or quality of the substance they are ingesting.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Shades of Madness and Insanity in Yellow Wallpaper, A Worn Path, and Mulatto :: Yellow Wallpaper essays
Varying Shades of Insanity in Yellow Wallpaper, A Worn Path, and MulattoÃ Ã Ã Ã The human psyche is a very complex, intricate thing. Why does one person act one way, while another acts completely differently? I have read three stories that have given me insight on this subject. They are "The Yellow Wallpaper" by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, "A Worn Path" by Eudora Welty, and Mulatto by Langston Hughes. In each of these stories, the main character exhibits a peculiar personality trait, but each stems from a different experience. "The Yellow Wallpaper" is a story of a married woman, Jane, who suffers from a debilitating nervous condition. This story is based on a cure for the disease, called the "rest cure." Dr. S. Weir Mitchell developed this treatment which required confining the patient to a hotel, hospital, or a residence that was isolated from much human contact, such as the one described in the story. The patient was to have complete bed rest, a drastic change in diet, and sometimes even electric shock therapy. Charlotte Perkins Gilman had experienced this treatment in her own life, so she had first-hand knowledge of what she was writing about in this story (Gilman 491). The setting of this story is a room in a house in which Jane lives for a summer with her husband John, who is a physician. The room is large, almost the size of the entire floor. She is on medication, "phosphates or phosphites-- whichever it is," for her condition, and she has been forbidden to work (Gilman 491). Unfortunately, she was also not allowed to write, which was a deprivation of the only outlet she had. Therefore, on most days, she spent her time in that room with nothing to do except look at the four walls. In the beginning of the story we can sense that maybe she is a little crazy. She describes the house as if it is a castle. Then she says that "there is something strange about the house-- I can feel it" (Gilman 492). Next, we learn of the intriguing yellow wallpaper. The wallpaper, at first, is her nemesis. She begs John to repaper the room; it scares her. "The paper looks to her as if it knew what a vicious influence it had" (Gilman 494). In her perception, the paper has eyes and exerts some sort of power over her.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Yair Lopez Prof. Madara 2/27/2012 Section 07 Critique of Oedipus Rex Is Oedipus Rex one of the most important pieces of literature of all time? This Athenian tragedy was written by Sophocles and was first performed in 449 BC. This piece is about a king named Oedipus who in the course of the story finds out that he killed his father and married his mother.I enjoyed a lot of parts of this story especially when he made the decision you leave Corinth because he was told about the prophecy and when he was worried about the ThebeÃ¢â¬â¢s citizens and wanted to do anything possible to end their suffering; however I was not too excited about the ending of the story. The Story began with Oedipus being surrounded by ThebesÃ¢â¬â¢s citizens who were suffering because of a plague that was invading their territory. In order for the plague to be gone an oracle said that the murderer of Laius must be driven out.In a long quest to find LaiusÃ¢â¬â¢s murderer Tiresias, a blind prophet, reveals to Oedipus that he is the one that killed Laius, who is his father, and married Jocasta, his mother. When they finally found out that the prophecy was right, Jocasta killed herself and Oedipus took his eyes off. This would summarize most important parts of this classic piece. One of the things I liked in this story is the decision of Oedipus of leaving his hometown Corinth because he thought that that way he was going to protect the ones he thought who were his parents (942-957).I personally admired this characterÃ¢â¬â¢s decision because it is not easy to leave your hometown with the people you love for their own safety. If I was in OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢s predicament I really wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t knew what to do. He proved that he is the kind of person that does whatever it takes for the safety of their love ones and a person with the mentality should be praised. This is one of the events I liked the most in this masterpiece. Another event that I enjoyed was when he cared about his citizens and wanted the plague to be over to end their suffering (249-320).Not too many kings are known for their caring and consideration of their own people, but Oedipus proved that he is not the stereotypical cruel king and he wanted to do everything he could to end his peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s suffering. Nowadays we have in some countries presidents that really care about neither the health nor the life of their citizens. In my opinion, in order to be an admirable leader, that person must care about their people jus like if they were their own family and Oedipus in this is the perfect example of an admirable and honorable leader.With leaders like him this this world would be a better place. This event is the one I most like about this story because we donÃ¢â¬â¢t see too many king concerning about their people like Oedipus did. In every story thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a part that the reader either doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t like or knows that something could be better. In my opinion, the end of the story could be a lot b etter than what it is. The story ends with Jocasta committing suicide and Oedipus taking his eyes off (1475-1586). During the whole story I was thinking of how will the story end and was impatiently waiting to read the ending of the story.When I finished reading the story I was disappointed and I started thinking in better endings that this story could have. Every story is always recognized in the way it ends because thatÃ¢â¬â¢s the part that the reader is always waiting for and the whole reason we read the entire piece is to knoe the end of all the drama. With this being said, a better ending of this story in my opinion would transform this from a good to a great literary piece. This was the only thing I disliked about the story, but unfortunately for me the ending is the most important part of the story.In conclusion, Oedipus Rex is a very entertaining and enjoyable piece of literature who could be a little better by just putting more effort and creativity. The answer to the que stion stated in the introduction is that is definitely one of the best literary pieces ever, but the best of all time is too much for it. However, if I has to recommend a book this one will be without a doubt one of my considerations, especially to a politician, even though I know they will be disappointed with the ending of it. Work Cited Page Oedipus Rex. Vol. 1. Ed. Peter Simon. Second ed. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company Inc. , 1956. 570-613. Print.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
LITERATURE REVIEW History of Warrantless Searches A warrantless search is a search and seizure of a person and/or property without a search warrant. The Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution, which is designed to protect privacy and prevent unreasonable search and seizure, restricts warrantless searches. The Amendment also states that in order to obtain a search warrant there must be probable cause as well as a description of the item being searched for and the people or property that may be seized. The history of warrantless searches in the United States started with only Thirteen Colonies. The British Empire were able to search homes and businesses with a warrant. The United States Government created the Fourth Amendment to stop all warrantless searches. The Fourth Amendment has been subject to interpretation from the executive and judicial branches of the United States. There are situations during wartime or martial law when they will not need a warrant to search or seize anything. During the 1940- 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s the CIA and NSA were able to intercept information without a warrant. There have been many times in the United States when the government has monitor Americans or immigrants from another county. Since the attacks against the United States from terrorist, we have seen the outcome of the government monitoring them. Future attacks have been prevented thanks to technology and warrantless searches. The later part of 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s the United States SenateShow MoreRelatedThe Intelligence Communities Lessons Learned3627 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesoccurred through to present day; regarding specifically information sharing. The review of literature in this paper focused to two questions: (1) Has the Intelligence Community improved its information sharing since 9/11? (2) What changes have taken place and what has been the impact of those changes? For the younger generation, September 11, 2001 is the generational event that defined a turning point in their history; it has been compared to the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Both historicalRead MoreMarketing and E-commerce Business65852 Words Ã |Ã 264 Pagesmulti-tier server systems, cloud computing, mobile digital platform and wireless technologies, and public key encryption, among many others. From the literature on ethics and society, we use important concepts such as intellectual property, privacy, information rights and rights management, governance, public health, and welfare. From the literature on business, we use concepts such as business process design, return on investment, strategic advantage, industry competitive environment, oligopoly
Friday, December 27, 2019
Across the globe, human development has fragmented once-continuous landscapes and ecosystems into isolated patches of natural habitat. Roads, towns, fences, canals, reservoirs, and farms are all examples of human artifacts that alter the pattern of the landscape. At the edges of developed areas, where natural habitats meet encroaching human habitats, animals are forced to adapt quickly to their new circumstances--and a closer look at the fate of these so-called edge species can give us sobering insights into the quality of the wild lands that remain. The health of any natural ecosystem depends significantly on two factors: the overall size of the habitat, and what is happening along its edges. For example, when human development cuts into an old-growth forest, the newly exposed edges are subjected to a series of microclimatic changes, including increases in sunlight, temperature, relative humidity, and exposure to wind. Plantlife and Microclimate Create New Habitats Plants are the first living organisms to respond to these changes, usually with increased leaf-fall, elevated tree mortality, and an influx of secondary-successional species. In turn, the combined changes in plant life and microclimate create new habitats for animals. More-reclusive bird species move to the interior of the remaining woodland, while birds better adapted to edge environments develop strongholds on the periphery. Populations of larger mammals like deer or big cats, which require large areas of undisturbed forest to support their numbers, often decrease in size. If their established territories have been destroyed, these mammals must adjust their social structure to accommodate the closer quarters of the remaining forest. Fragmented Forests Resemble Islands Researchers have found that fragmented forests resemble nothing so much as islands. The human development that surrounds a forest island acts as a barrier to animal migration, dispersal, and interbreeding (its very difficult for any animals, even relatively smart ones, to cross a busy highway!) In these island-like communities, species diversity is governed largely by the size of the remaining intact forest. In a way, this is not all bad news; the imposition of artificial constraints can be a major driver of evolution and the flourishing of better-adapted species. The problem is that evolution is a long-term process, unfolding over thousands or millions of years, while a given animal population may disappear in as little as a decade (or even a single year or month) if its ecosystem has been wrecked beyond repair. The changes in animal distribution and population that result from fragmentation and the creation of edge habitats illustrate how dynamic a cut-off ecosystem can be. It would be ideal ifÃ¢â¬âwhen the bulldozers have disappearedÃ¢â¬âthe environmental damages subsided; unfortunately, this is rarely the case. The animals and wildlife left behind must begin a complex process of adaptation and a long search for a new natural balance. Edited on February 8, 2017, by Bob Strauss
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Brittany Portwood EDUC 2130 Dalton State College March 23, 2017 Introduction Psychology is full of theories that explain why we think the way we think. Of those theories, is the popular PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of cognitive development. Jean Piaget introduced a variety of ideas and concepts to the world of psychology describing logical thinking in children and adolescents. To fully comprehend just how valuable his theories are today, it is important to explore the life of Jean Piaget, his educational background, and the stages of cognitive development and how the stages impact the classroom. This will give a further analysis and explanation of how Piaget has helped to shape our viewpoints as teachers today. Biographical Background of (JeanÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦By studying the cognitive development of children and adolescents, Piaget identified four major stages of mental growth which are sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete, and formal operational. He believed that all children pass through these phases to advance to the next level of cognitive development and in each stage children demonstrate new intellectual abilities and increasingly complex understanding of the world (Zhou Brown, 2015). He also believes that no stages can be skipped and that the intellectual development always follows the sequence. The first stage of PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive development is sensorimotor, which begins at birth and last until eighteen months to two years of age. This stage is the use of motor activity without the use of symbols, so when it comes to this stage is based on physical interactions and experiences and knowledge is very limited. Infants cannot predict reactions and therefore must constantly experiment and learn through trial and error (Zhou Brown, 2015). A good example of this would include shaking a rattle or putting objects in the mouth. As infants become more mobile their ability to develop cognitively increases and early language development begins. Object performance also occurs at seven to nine months, demonstrating that memory is developing. The next stage is the pre-operational stage, which usually occurs during the period of twenty-four